Mormonism / "Mormon Theology"

Mormon Origins

Video Online: The Bible vs. The Book of Mormon
@ Living Hope Ministries

The Book of Abraham Info.

The YouTube version

Utah Lighthouse Ministry


This page has been created to present materials related to the subject of Mormonism. A small sampling of Mormon doctrines and teachings that exemplify the non-biblical, non-Christian, heretical nature of Mormonism is also provided.

One of the tools Mormon missionaries use to communicate the "Mormon gospel", is to ask the "conversion target," to read the Book of Mormon. Upon completion of the reading, the "conversion target" is instructed to pray to the "Heavenly Father", (god), and ask him if the Book of Mormon is true. The declaration is made, that the "Heavenly Father" will reveal the "Book of Mormon" to be true by giving the "conversion target" a "burning in the bosom." This burning in the bosom is described as a pleasant, warm, stimulating sensation in the chest. It is purportedly a work of the Holy Ghost and the entire claim of Mormonism's truthfulness is based upon this burning in the bosom, "evidence".

The cohesive strength of the Mormon Church, it's endurance and growth in numbers over the years is also pointed to as evidence of the validity of Mormonism. Mormons ask the question, "How could the LDS church grow to be so strong and financially successful if the Mormon Church wasn't a true work of God?". Scientologists use the same kind of reasoning to validate the veracity of their organization.

Mormons claim to be Christians but every Christian who has been born of the Spirit, according to John 3:3, will tell you that the so called Mormon "Burning In The Bosom" experience has nothing to do with the Bible and the Bible in no way communicates that a physical response, (feeling), is ever to be used as a means of determining what is true. Such "evidence" does not qualify as proof that anything is true.

This article will provide additional documentation illustrating the fact that Mormonism is absolutely NOT a Christian system of belief. Mormonism claims that the mere use of the name "Jesus Christ" makes them a Christian institution. It takes more than the mere reference to the person of Jesus and the use of His name to be a Christian. The Bible, which was written at least 1730 years prior to the Book of Mormon, describes what a Christian is and the Mormon may have a smattering of convenient similarities, but the core of what Mormons believe to be the truth indicates that the Mormonism is not Christian by any stretch of the imagination.

Whoever said, "A book is known by it's cover," should have looked a little deeper.

Jesus taught in Matthew 23:27-28 that even though we can look like one thing on the outside, it's the heart and mind of the man that determines what they really are.

Mormons frequently use Matthew 12:33 as a means of measuring the "fruitfulness" of their Church and the work that their Church performs.

Matthew 12:33    "Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or else make the tree bad and its fruit bad; for a tree is known by its fruit."

Mormons will point to all that their Church does and stands for and they will declare that their "fruit" proves the "trustworthy" nature of the Mormon Church.

Matthew 12:33 is indeed, a scriptural principal that we can use to determine the quality of something and that is why Mormons use the verse. They believe that we can look at them and the way they live and we will see that they certainly produce some good looking fruit. But remember, the appearance of the tree and it's fruit are just one part of the evaluation process. I will be the first to say that much of what Mormons portray in their lives regarding moral attitudes, family values, civic responsibility, etc, looks good to the eye. But the most important indicator of the goodness of a tree or the fruit it produces is to taste what is produced.

In Psalm 34:8 we read the following:
8    Oh, taste and see that the LORD is good; blessed is the man who trusts in Him!

Through a careful examination of what the Bible teaches and comparing it to the teachings of Mormonism, the examiner will come away with a lot more questions than answers. He who takes a taste of the "fruit" that Mormonism offers as truth will say, "there's something fishy going on here." And pardon me for saying so but fruit isn't supposed to taste like fish.

Mormonism may look fabulous on the outside but when you get a taste of what's on the inside, it just doesn't taste right because it isn't right.

This article will provide the means to support such a statement.


In this article I will highlight Mormon Beliefs and Book of Mormon verses by placing these beliefs and verses in (Italics).

A) The Book of Mormon fails the basic test of comparison with the Bible.

The Apostle Paul preached his message to the Bereans. How would they know if this was the truth or not? Did they go out and pray about it until they received a warm sensation in their bodies?

These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so. (Acts 17:11)

They didn't have to rely on mere feelings because they had the objective yardstick of the scriptures by which to judge Paul's words. How dangerous it would be to ignore the scriptures and seek for a sign (cf. Matthew 12:39). While it is true that James 1:5 tells those who lack wisdom to ask God for it, the context refers to those who are already brethren. Those who already know the Lord Jesus and have become Christians because they have been awakened by the Holy Spirit. The statement is not directed to the unbeliever. Also, note that it says 'wisdom not 'knowledge.'

All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: (2 Tim. 3:16)

A good rule to remember is:
Never pray about something when God has already spoken out on the subject. Don't force a test on God (cf. Matthew 4:7). For example, if a beautiful angel told you to go rob a bank and give the money to the poor, you wouldn't have to pray to know His will. He already said, "Thou shalt not steal. " (Ex. 20:15)

There is a way which seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death. (Proverbs 14:12)

1) ". . . for we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do." (Book of Mormon / 2 Nephi 25:23)

This is a mission impossible salvation plan. No one on the face of this earth is saved after all he can do, because no one always does all he can do! We all have bad days. The Bible offers us a realistic salvation plan however.

For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: not of works, lest any man should boast. (Ephesians 2: 8,9 - true faith will have works (cf. James 2:17) but faith alone saves.)

Look at how the Book of Mormon changes a principal into something different. The principal is not the same. The Bible tells us that God's salvation is a gift but the book of Mormon tells us that in order to get salvation we have to do something, (work for it or earn it).

2) . . I remembered also to have heard my father prophesy unto the people concerning the coming of one Jesus Christ, a Son of God, to atone for the sins of the world." (Book of Mormon / Alma 36:17)

Notice that it says "a Son of God." Jesus is the Son of God, not just a Son of God.
1 John 4:15  tells us, "Whosoever shalt confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in him, and he in God.

3) "And behold, he shall be born of Mary, at Jerusalem which is the land of our forefathers, . . ." (Alma 7: 10)

But Jesus was born in "Bethlehem of Judaea" (Matthew 2:1 - cf. Luke 2:4 & Micah 5:2). Jerusalem is a distinct city and not "the land of our forefathers." Furthermore, Jesus was born in Bethlehem which is a distinct town outside of Jerusalem (Emmaus and Bethany are closer to Jerusalem. He was not born in the district of Jerusalem but in the district of Judaea.

B) Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormon faith, certainly didn't take portions of the Book of Mormon very seriously. He contradicted them & changed the wording of parts of the 1830 edition (that was supposedly translated "by the gift and power of God.")

1) "For I know that God is not a partial God, neither a changeable being; but he is unchangeable from all eternity to all eternity." (Moroni 8:18)

About 14 years after the 1830 Book of Mormon came out, Joseph Smith refuted his own book! In a major sermon (see Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, compiled by Joseph Fielding Smith, p. 345) we read:

"We have imagined and supposed that God was God from all eternity. I will refute that idea, and take away the veil . ... ..

2) "Behold, David and Solomon truly had many wives and concubines, which thing was abominable before me, saith the Lord." (Jacob 2:24)

Perhaps Joseph had forgotten all about Jacob 2:24 when he had this 'revelation' recorded in Doctrine & Covenants 132: 1:

". . . I, the Lord, justified my servants Abraham, Issac, and Jacob, as also Moses, David and Solomon, my servants, as touching the principle and doctrine of their having many wives and concubines- "

3) ". . . And now, behold, this is the doctrine of Christ, and the only and true doctrine of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, which is one God, without end. Amen." (2 Nephi 31:21)

'I will preach on the plurality of Gods. I have selected this text for that express purpose. I wish to declare I have always and in all congregations when I have preached on the subject of the Deity, it has been the plurality of Gods. ... I have always declared God to be a distinct personage, Jesus Christ a separate and distinct personage from God the Father, and that the Holy Ghost was a distinct personage and a Spirit: and, these three constitute three distinct personages and three Gods. ... we have three Gods anyhow, and they are plural; and who can contradict it?" (as recorded in Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith, p. 370)

Who can contradict it? Well, consider 2 Nephi 31:21, Alma 11: 44, Mosiah 15:1-5, and "The Testimony of Three Witnesses" at the front of the B.O.M. (not to mention D. & C. 20:28)!

4) "And Zeezrom said unto him: Thou sayest there is a true and living God? And Amulek said: Yea, there is a true and living God. Now Zeezrom said: Is there more than one God? And he answered, No. Now Zeezrom said unto him again; How knowest thou these things? And he said: An angel hath made them known unto me. (Alma 11: 26-3 1 )

From one "true and living God" here, Joseph Smith ended up promoting at least three for this earth (see No. 3 above).

5)In a letter from Joseph Anderson on July 29, 1974 (then managing director of the L.D.S. Historical Department), we read:

"For example, Joseph Smith made many corrections in the 1837 and the 1840 editions of the Book of Mormon. ... "

C) The Mormon Church was not content to let the revised Book of Mormon alone, but recently came out with yet another revision, changing portions of the book back to an 1830 wording, but then taking some parts that were faithful to the 1830 edition and changing them. For instance, the pre-1981 modern edition vs. the 1981 modern edition includes the following changes (newest will be listed second):

"plainess of the gospel" (I Ne. 13:24)
"fulness of the gospel."

"white and delightsome people" (2 Ne. 30:6)
"pure and delightsome people"

Why the change from white (skin-color) to pure (moral quality)? Probably this tampering with the text (which was faithful to the 1830 ed.) was an effort to remove a source of irritation for dark-skinned people.

D) The Book of Mormon simply lacks historical credibility. For all the talk of archeological finds which "support" the Book of Mormon, the fact remains that not even one Book of Mormon city located in this hemisphere has ever been found (proven to have existed)!! Even the knowledgeable Thomas Stuart Ferguson admitted " ' .. there is no Book-of-Mormon geography. " (Written Symposium on Book-of-Mormon Geography, 3/12/75).

The Bible, however, has a wealth of solid archeological evidence behind it (such as identified cities). We are asked to believe that the Jewish 'Lamanites' of the Book of Mormon are the forefathers of the present-day Indians. Indians are of the Mongoloid race however, and not the Caucasoid (which the Jews belong to).

Also, why does the title page of the 1830 edition of the Book of Mormon tell us that Joseph Smith is "Author and Proprietor" instead of "Translated by Joseph Smith, Jun. " as on the modern title page? The fact that he literally meant "proprietor" (that is, 'owner') is supported by one of the three Book of Mormon witnesses, David Whitmer. He told of Joseph receiving a revelation for some of the brethren to go to Toronto, Canada where they would sell the copyright of the Book of Mormon. The 'revelation' failed (An Address To All Believers in Christ, pp. 303 1. - cf. A Comprehensive History of the Church, v. 1, pp. 164-165).

E) One major claim made for the Book of Mormon is that it contains the fulness of the everlasting gospel (see Doctrine & Covenants 27:5 and 135:3). According to Doctrines of Salvation, volume 1, p. 160, we read: "By fullness of the gospel is meant all the ordinances and principles that pertain to the exaltation in the celestial kingdom . . . " Celestial marriage is an essential requirement to gain this exaltation (that is, Godhood), but where does the Book of Mormon mention celestial marriage (or for that matter, men can become Gods, God was once a man, baptism for the dead, the Word of Wisdom, a heavenly Mother, etc.)?

This paper only scratches the surface of a myriad of problems surrounding the Book of Mormon. You don't have to pray about this book anymore than you' have to pray about the Koran, the Hindu scriptures, or anything else purporting to be divine. Don't pray about it. Test it! Compare it with the "Book-of-books."

If you've been adrift on the sea of feelings, pushed this way and that by impressions and impulses that could easily be from the dark side, throw your anchor onto the 'Biblical bedrock. Don't put your faith in feelings but in the One who said, 'I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me. ".(John 14:6)

Written by: Wally Tope, P.O. Box 1100, La Canada Flintridge, CA. 91011


80% of the material contained above was written by Christian Street Evangelist and Preacher:  Wallace Tope Jr. I pray that his family will appreciate my inclusion of his research and work on my website.

As a tribute to brother Tope I have attached the following portion of an article I found at townhall.com a conservative news and information website.


April 26, 2002
After the riots: L.A.'s forgotten angels

Another courageous preacher who risked his life was Wallace Tope Jr. I'll never forget him. His death was one of the first subjects I wrote about when I went to work in L.A. Tope passed away quietly in December 1993, 19 months after the riots had made headlines worldwide. The born-again Christian street evangelist had been in a coma since being beaten by a couple of Hispanic looters. Unlike Reginald Denny, Tope wasn't trapped in the wrong place at the wrong time. He deliberately chose to enter the riot zone. He wanted to save some souls.

"He went up and confronted crowds of hundreds of people, spectators and looters, and started denouncing what they were doing and telling them how it was morally wrong," L.A. Police Detective Dennis Kilcoyne said at the time. "His religious beliefs were so strong, he believed that mission was his life." At a shopping mall near Sunset Boulevard and Western Avenue, Tope, who was white, warned a Latino thief raiding a drugstore to repent. The man responded by punching him, chasing him down with a friend, and kicking his head for several minutes until he lapsed into bloody unconsciousness.

Tope's family and friends recounted how the former engineer had given up a comfortable life to bravely smuggle Bibles into the Soviet Union and spread the Gospel in East Germany before the fall of communism. One friend, Regina Spencer Sipple, wrote: "Wally Tope wasn't a victim of the riots. Wally Tope lived what he believed and was willing to give his life for those beliefs."

While L.A. self-destructed, two heroic men of faith -- one black, one white -- showed us the light of salvation. I will never forget.

Article written by Michelle Malkin
entire article can be found at:        http://www.townhall.com/columnists/michellemalkin/mm20020426.shtml


Glaring Differences Between the Book of Mormon and the Bible

The number of contradictions between the Book of Mormon and the Bible make it obvious that Mormons are not Christian. They may have similarities but the differences are HUGE !!!

Mormons believe and teach another gospel. Those who understand Christianity from the only valid perspective available for identifying what a Christian is, the Bible, know that Mormons are not Christians.

Mormonism is a fairly new religion that was established in the early 1800's. It is a religion with elements of Christianity, Free Masonry and other doctrines invented by Mormon church leaders who claimed the doctrines were given by God through "revelation." Mormonism is distinctly and significantly different from Christianity. Any effort by the Mormon church to try to be identified with biblical Christianity is an effort that is deceptive in nature but no one should be surprised by their efforts. Such efforts are consistent with their overall mission and skillfully deceptive tactics are employed to accomplish their goals.

Over the past 25 years, rather than emphasize the differences between Mormonism and Christianity, which the Mormon church used to do quite handily, they now take a more mainstream approach in order to be perceived as being Christian. The Mormon church is working in a manner that is subtle in an effort to receive a larger level of public acceptance, making it's way in without drawing attention to their methods.

Relatively few Mormons really know of the troublesome teachings and doctrines of their church. They hear a few comments here and there but they leave the "deeper things" to their leadership. When they become aware of some of the details, they are often shocked and embarrassed into making statements like, "I've been a Mormon for many years and I've never heard of that." Many Christians pray that God will have a significant measure of mercy for those who attend the Mormon church out of a heartfelt desire to have relationship with God but are unaware of the ridiculous claims and doctrines of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young.

One of the key sources of Mormon doctrine is the Book of Mormon which was always referred to by that title, the Book of Mormon. More recently, the Mormon church has taken an new tactic in an effort to make the Book of Mormon more palatable to the audience they are trying to reach. Instead of calling their book the Book of Mormon they have begun referring to their book as "Another Testament of Jesus Christ." How convenient and how interesting. So, let me see here, we have the Old Testament, the New Testament and Another Testament." Well, by golly, isn't that special, and it sounds so innocuous doesn't it?

That's the way they do it folks. And this is only one example. A new name on the book, a lovely video with warm family values, your name on a mailing list and two fellows with white shirts and ties knocking at your door. Marketing techniques that would make Madison Avenue proud and it's all designed to help the church accomplish their overall goals and objectives. Assimilation and acceptance by more people equals more money, more power, we all get the idea.

It's everything one would expect from a church built on the inventive mind of a 15 year old young man from Palmyra New York. Not that far from Madison Avenue. Mormonism was invented as a result of "revelations" given (made up) by a 15 year old "Living Prophet" named Joseph Smith.

Joseph who passed himself off as an intensely spiritual young man, a man with a mission given by God to restore the truth of the gospel which had been lost through centuries of corruption, much of it a result of the Catholic church or so the Mormon church claims. A man who was so motivated by "spiritual things" that he eventually receives additional "revelation" which would provide "spiritual justification" for his desire to add wife upon wife and become a polygamist of the most fleshly order. The historical records show that his first wife Emma Smith had  reservations and was greatly troubled by this new, "revelation."

A man of supposed "spiritual gifting" claiming God given justification for many wives to "minister" to him during his earthly existence. If that wasn't enough, over the years he fashions his religion into one that declares when life is finished in this earthly plane, the "worthy" Mormon man can enter the celestial kingdom of heaven and continue sexual relations with his wives at such time as they finish their earthly lives and arrive in heaven to join their husband. A continuation of sexual relations in heaven will allow the wives of the worthy Mormon man to go through a continual process of pregnancy and delivery in order to produce little spirit babies that will then be sent to a planet that he will own and be the God of. The spirit babies will receive physical bodies when they are sent by their father to the physical planet. As God of his own planet, his spirit babies who now have bodies of flesh will worship him. A religion that teaches "worthy" Mormon men can become God's of their own planets and they can enjoy the fleshly pleasures of eternal sex in the celestial kingdom of heaven. May sound like a great idea to the man but how are the wives going to feel about existing in an eternal state of pregnancy and delivery.

Celestial sex forever more, what a concept. I bet Joseph knew some men who would really go for that idea ! And boy oh boy, did they? Just look at the way the early Mormon men took to it. The historical records, books and online internet articles are numerous which provide verification of the facts.

Such an idea is certainly not birthed by the Spirit of God but rather by the fleshly mind of a man.

I don't know about you but that certainly sounds like a religion that comes from the mind of a man rather than the mind of God. Mormonism has interesting similarities to Islam, another religion invented by another "prophet" that promises worthy Moslems that they will enjoy eternal sex with virgins when this life is finished.

It would be silly if it wasn't so serious. For a man to claim that he has God given "revelation" that leads him to claim what Joseph Smith claims has produced a religion that has captured many in it's web.

How is it that such bright and wonderful people can accept such a bundle of nonsense. If they are going to accept it then so be it, but they shall not be called Christian because those who know the difference will continue to stand watch and make note of the difference that is in Mormonism.

Consider the following BIBLE verse, not to be confused with a verse from the Book of Mormon.
2 Timothy 3:1-9
1    But know this, that in the last days perilous times will come:
2    For men will be lovers of themselves, lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
3    unloving, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, brutal, despisers of good,
4    traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,
5    having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!
6    For of this sort are those who creep into households and make captives of gullible women loaded down with sins, led away by various lusts,
7    always learning and never able to come to the knowledge of the truth.
8    Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith;
9    but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was.

1)    Many say the last days and perilous times are upon us.

2)    This website will list proof of the self promoting manner of both Joseph Smith and Brigham Young.
They were lovers of money, boasters, proud, blasphemers, I don't know about being disobedient to parents, but they certainly exhibit indicators that they had no relationship with the God of the Bible and their practice of polygamy, the pursuit of power and domination are nothing like the model of humility and gentleness seen in the life of Christ as recorded in the BIBLE.

3)    Evidence of the unloving, unforgiving, slanderous manner of these men is readily available. Rather than exercise self control when it comes to women they fashioned a belief system that would let them have all the women they wanted and still be regarded by the ignorant masses as being holy. They certainly displayed behavior and permitted behavior that was brutal in nature. (Supporting evidence also available on this site.) 
As far as being despisers of good. Consider the following BIBLE verse, not to be confused with the Book of Mormon.
        Isaiah 5:20
        20    Woe to those who call evil good, and good evil; who put darkness for light, and light for darkness; who put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

All would agree that Mormons seek to be good moral people many of them being successful in their efforts but what Joseph Smith and Brigham Young did in their distortion and disregard of biblical truth in favor of their own supposed revelation is blasphemous and certainly not to be considered "good".

4)    traitors, headstrong, haughty, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God,
5)    having a form of godliness but denying its power. And from such people turn away!

They try to look like Christians, they have a form and outward appearance that they are Christians but they are not.

6)    Their missionaries want to meet with people who are unfamiliar with the Bible because they will never know the difference between what the Bible teaches and what the Book of Mormon teaches and those Mormon boys are so polite. Careful, it's all part of the ploy.

7)    Oh, they study all right but they don't study the word of God for themselves but rather they study and memorize what their leaders have taught them to believe. Strict adherence to the approved beliefs and doctrines is how it goes. This is another point of difference between the Christians and Mormons. Christians are encouraged to question their beliefs, to ask why certain views are held as being true, to ask of there is archeological evidence to support the writings of the Bible. Not so with Mormons. Ask a Mormon to consider some of the material that indicates the Book of Mormon and the Book of Abraham are hoaxes foisted on an unsuspecting body of people and you will receive a reply something like this: "I don't want to look at all that negative anti Mormon propaganda, and also I can't because material like that can lead me to doubt my church which would place me in grave danger of apostasy."

Dear reader: The situation with Mormons and the way they tenaciously hold on their nonsense is tragic.

The Christian holds the Bible up to anyone and says, "if this Bible cannot stand the test of another man's inquiry, then how valid is this Bible I believe in." If there is evidence that this Bible is the fictitious invention of a man or men, show it to me and I will consider the information.

How is a Mormon ever going to find out how different the Book of Mormon is from the Bible if they aren't encouraged to know the Bible. One of the other convenient stipulations posited by the Mormon church is that the Bible is only accurate insofar as it is correctly translated. Guess who has the final authority on the correct interpretation, the same people who embrace Joseph Smith and Brigham Young as true prophets.

This reminds me of a BIBLE verse in Matthew 15:14
14    "Let them alone. They are blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind leads the blind, both will fall into a ditch."

8    Now as Jannes and Jambres resisted Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, disapproved concerning the faith;
9    but they will progress no further, for their folly will be manifest to all, as theirs also was.


The following comparisons show the divergent views between:
The Bible and the Book of Mormon

1.    The Book of Mormon teaches that little children are not capable of sin because they do not have a sinful nature (Moroni 8:8).

In contrast, the Bible in Psalm 51:5 clearly teaches that we have sinful nature from birth: "Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me" (NIV).
(This does not mean that those who die in infancy are lost.)

2.    The Book of Mormon teaches that the disobedience of Adam and Eve in eating the forbidden fruit was necessary so that they could have children and bring joy to mankind (2 Nephi 2:23-25).

In contrast, the Bible specifically declares that Adamís transgression was a sinful act of rebellion that unleashed the power of sin and death in the human heart and throughout Godís perfect world (Genesis 3:16-19; Romans 5:12; 8:20-21).

There is no Biblical support for the view that Adam and Eve could only fulfill the command to "be fruitful and multiply" (Genesis 1:28) by disobeying Godís command regarding the forbidden fruit (Genesis 2:17).
The Book of Mormon teaching that these divine commands are contradictory, and that God expected Adam and Eve to figure out that in reality He wanted them to break the latter command ("of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it") in order to keep the former ("be fruitful and multiply"), has no basis in logic or the Biblical text, and attributes equivocation to God.

3.    The Book of Mormon teaches that black skin is a sign of Godís curse, so that white-skinned people are considered morally and spiritually superior to black skinned people (2 Nephi 5:21).

In contrast, the Bible teaches that God "made of one blood all nations of men" (Acts 17:26, KJV), that in Christ distinctions of ethnicity, gender and social class are erased (Galatians 3:28), and that God condemns favoritism (James 2:1).

4.    The Book of Mormon teaches that, "it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do" (2 Nephi 25:23; see also Moroni 10:32).

In contrast, the Bible teaches that apart from Christ we are dead in sin (Ephesians 2:1,5) and unable to do anything to merit forgiveness and eternal life. Salvation is wholly of grace (Ephesians 2:8-9; Romans 11:6; Titus 3:5-6), not by grace plus works. Good works are a result, not the basis, of a right relationship with God (Ephesians 2:10).

5.    According to the Book of Mormon, about 600 years before Christ, a Nephite prophet predicted that "many plain and precious parts" (1 Nephi 13:26-28) would be removed from the Bible.

In contrast, from the Bible it is clear that during His earthly ministry, Jesus himself constantly quoted from the Old Testament Scriptures, and showed full confidence in their completeness and accurate transmission as they had survived down to His time. Jesus declared that "heaven and earth shall pass away, but my word shall not pass away" (Mark 13:31; see also Matthew 5:18), and promised His disciples who were to pen the New Testament that the Holy Ghost "shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you" (John 14:26); Jesus further promised the apostles that they would "bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain" (John 15:16). These promises clearly imply that the fruit of the apostles ó the New Testament Scriptures and the Christian church ó would endure.

6.    According to a Book of Mormon prophecy (Helaman 14:27), at the time of Christís crucifixion "darkness should cover the face of the whole earth for the space of three days."

In contrast, the New Testament gospel accounts declare repeatedly that there was darkness for only three hours while Jesus was on the cross (Matthew 27:45; Mark 15:33; Luke 23:24).

An earlier prophecy in 1 Nephi 19:10 implies the three days of darkness will be more than regional in scope for it says this sign will be "unto those who inhabit the isles of the sea, more especially given unto those who are of the house of Israel." The darkness then would extend over the ocean to the islands and reach as far as Israel in the Middle East.

Book of Mormon references to the fulfillment of this prophecy, however, use wording that could be understood to mean the three days of darkness was only in the Americas, stating that the three days of darkness would be "over the face of the land." (3 Nephi 8:3ff; 10:9).  This appears to be the position of the late Mormon General Authority B.H. Roberts in his book Studies of the Book of Mormon, p. 292).  If this is the case, then this would resolve the apparent contradiction between the Bible and the Book of Mormon regarding what happened at the time of Christ's death, for we would have 3 hours of darkness in Israel and 3 days of darkness on the American continents.  However, this would make the earlier prophecies of 1 Nephi and Helaman internally contradictory with later Book of Mormon references, since their phrasing of  "the isles of the sea ... those who are of the house of Israel" and "the whole face of the whole earth" is difficult to understand as merely a localized time of darkness.

7.    The Book of Mormon people are said to have observed "all things according to the law of Moses (2 Nephi 5:10; 25:24). However, although they are supposed to have been Hebrews, they were descendents of the tribe of Joseph (1 Nephi 5:17) or Manasseh (Alma 10:3).

In contrast, the Bible declares that only those of the tribe of Levi and family line of Aaron had a right to serve as priests, as the Law of Moses dictates (Numbers 3:10; Exodus 29:9; Numbers 18:1-7), so those spoken of in the Book of Mormon would not have been observing all things according to the law of Moses if they were functioning in a priestly role.

8.    According to the Book of Mormon, there were many high priests serving at the same time (Mosiah 11:11; Alma 13:9-10; 46:6,38; Helaman 3:25) in the New World, among those it describes as Jewish immigrants from ancient Israel who "kept the law of Moses" (e.g., 2 Nephi 25:10; Jacob 4:5; Jarom 1:5).

In contrast, it is clear from the Bible that only one individual at a time occupied the office of high priest under the Old Testament dispensation (see, for example Leviticus 21:10; Matthew 26:3; Hebrews 8:6-7). (The mention in Luke 3:2 of "Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests" is not a real exception -- in Christís time Israel was under the domination of the Romans, who intervened to change the high priest at will. That is, this office became a kind of "political football," rather than following the appointment process dictated in the Law of Moses. See John 18:13, which describes Annas as "father-in-law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.")

9.    The people described in the Book of Mormon operated multiple temples (Alma 16:13; 23:2; 26:29). This violates the dictates of the Old Testament Scriptures on two counts: First, God commanded Israel to build only one temple to reflect that fact that there is only one true God (Deuteronomy 12:5,13-14; 16:5-6). Second, the one legitimate temple was to be built in Jerusalem (Zion), the location designated by God>

(The Old Testament is filled with explicit references to God choosing Jerusalem [Zion] as the place where "His name would dwell" in the temple: for example, 1 Kings 8:44,48; 11:13,32,36; 14:21; 2 Kings 21:7; 23:27; 1 Chronicles 28:4; 2 Chronicles 6:6; 7:12,16; Psalm 78:68-69; Isaiah 18:7.

10.    The most common biblical terms used to describe the Old Testament priesthood, temple and appointed feasts, are entirely missing from the Book of Mormon. Here are 10 examples of such biblical terms with their frequencies, that never appear once in the Book of Mormon:

Conclusion: The contradictions between the Book of Mormon and the Bible constitute a most serious obstacle to accepting the Book of Mormon as Latter-day scripture that is supplemental to the Bible. The Bible came first, not the Book of Mormon. And whereas the Bible is organically linked to the earthly ministry of Jesus Christ by extensive surviving manuscript evidence going back as far as A.D. 125-30, the Book of Mormon is wholly lacking in any such evidences of ancient origin. Is it not reasonable, therefore, to make the Bible the standard for judging the Book of Mormon, and not the other way around? If we accept the Bible as our "measuring stick" for spiritual truth, the Book of Mormon must be rejected.